Engineering, Manufacturing and Quality Abbreviations and Acronyms

abbreviations and acronyms word bubble

OMG why are there so many acronyms and abbreviations? FYI here is a huge list of common meanings. Hopefully it helps decipher some of the jargon and gibberish. 

8D – method of problem solving commonly used in the automotive industry.

AQL – acceptance quality limit, previously acceptable quality limit

APQP – advanced quality product planning

AS9100 – aerospace quality standard

ATP – acceptance test procedure

BOM – bill of materials

CAD – computer aided design

CAGE – Commercial and Government Entity code

CAM – computer aided manufacturing

CAPA – corrective and preventive action

CAR – corrective action report

CFE – customer furnished equipment

CFM – customer furnished material

CNC – computer numerical control

COA/C of A – certificate of analysis

COC/C of C – certificate of conformance or certificate of compliance

COTS – commercial off the shelf

CSM – customer supplied material

CT – center thickness

DFARS – Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement

DFMEA – design failure mode effects analysis

DPA – destructive physical analysis

DPAS – Defense Property Accountability System

DPPM – defective parts per million

DSS – data summary sheet

ECN – engineering change notice

EIDP – end item data package

ERP – enterprise resource planning

ESD – electrostatic discharge

ETV – edge thickness variation

FAI – first article inspection

FAIR – first article inspection report

FMEA – failure mode and effects analysis

FOB – free on board

FOD – foreign object damage

FW – face width

GFE – government furnished equipment

GFM – government furnished material

GFP – government furnished property

GIDEP – government industry data exchange program

GMIP – government mandatory inspection points

GSI – government source inspection

GSS – government source surveillance

HIC – humidity indicator card

IAQG – International Aerospace Quality Group

IAW – in accordance with

IOT – internet of things

ISO – International Organization for Standardization

ITAR – International Traffic in Arms Regulation

JIT – just in time

KPI – key performance indicator

MBB – moisture barrier bag

MRB – material review board

MSDS – material safety data sheet

NADCAP – National Aerospace and Defense Contractors Accreditation Program

NC – non conformance

NCM – non conforming material

NDT – non destructive testing

NIST – National Institute of Standards and Technology

OCM – original component manufacturer

OD – outside diameter

ODM – original design manufacturer

OEM – original equipment manufacturer

OTD – on-time delivery

PCB – printed circuit board

PDCA – plan, do, check, act

PEM – plastic encapsulated microcircuits

PFMEA – process failure mode and effects analysis

PID – product identification document

PL – parts list

PM – preventative maintenance

PPAP – Production Part Approval Process

PO – purchase order

QA – quality assurance

QAPP – quality assurance program plan

QC – quality control

QML – qualified manufacturers list

QPL – qualified product list

QTP – qualification test plan

QTR – qualification test report

RCA – root cause analysis

REACH – registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction of chemicals

RFI – request for information

RFQ – request for quote

RMA – return material authorization

RoHS – Restriction of Hazardous Substances

SCAR – supplier corrective action request

SDS – safety data sheets

SMP – supplier management process

SOP – standard operating procedure

SOW – scope of work

SPC – statistical process control

TDP – technical data package

TIR – total indicator runout

WI – work instruction

WIP – work in progress

XRF – x-ray fluorescence